OROXYLUM INDICUM PDF

The tree has been named after an incident depicted in an ancient story by Cicero, in which there is a sword hanging over the head of Damocles, from which we get the well-known reference to the "sword of Damocles. Within these pods are the seeds that come to be used in Chinese herbal medicine; when the pod bursts open the seeds flutter to the ground, often traveling some distance, looking like butterflies. Oroxylum pod in the trees left and opened showing seeds right. The traditional use of this herb is for moistening the lungs to control dry cough due to heat; restoring normal voice in cases of hoarseness or irritation; resolving liver qi stagnation and improving the flow of qi; and harmonizing the stomach. It is also used topically, to help treatment of persistent skin ulcers.

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The tree has been named after an incident depicted in an ancient story by Cicero, in which there is a sword hanging over the head of Damocles, from which we get the well-known reference to the "sword of Damocles.

Within these pods are the seeds that come to be used in Chinese herbal medicine; when the pod bursts open the seeds flutter to the ground, often traveling some distance, looking like butterflies. Oroxylum pod in the trees left and opened showing seeds right.

The traditional use of this herb is for moistening the lungs to control dry cough due to heat; restoring normal voice in cases of hoarseness or irritation; resolving liver qi stagnation and improving the flow of qi; and harmonizing the stomach.

It is also used topically, to help treatment of persistent skin ulcers. Oroxylum is a relatively rarely used herb, and it is not found in many of the Materia Medica books available in English. Oroxylum seed pod: tree butterfly left and the chemical structure of chrysin right. The seed contains oils and flavonoids 1, 2.

One of the main flavonoids, chrysin, has been the subject of much study; among its potential applications is to alleviate anxiety related to alleviating liver qi stagnation ; chrysin is one of the main active components in the popular sedative plant passionflower Passiflora coerulea.

Oroxylum seeds also contains the flavonoid baicalein and its derivatives; this compound, usually obtained from Scutellaria baicalensis named after this particular species, which also contains chrysin as one of its flavonoids , has been shown to have several useful applications for lung diseases.

Chrysin, baicalein, and the other flavonoids in oroxylum have anti-inflammatory and anti-allergy effects, though the herb and its flavonoids may need to be used in high doses to get those responses. Oroxylum root bark is the part used in Ayurvedic medicine, administered as an astringent, bitter tonic, stomachic, and anodyne. It is included in famous tonic formulations, such as Chyawanprash. Chen LJ, et al.

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BACKGROUND

Common names: bat tree, broken bones plant, Damocles tree, Indian trumpet flower, midnight horror, scythe tree, tree of Damocles English ; aralu, bhatghila, toguna Assamese ; mu hu die Chinese ; bhut-vriksha, dirghavrinta, patrorna, shuran, sonapatha, syonak, tentoo, vatuk Hindi ; kampong Malaysian ; aralu, katvanga, prthsuimba, shoshana, shyonaka Sanskrit ; achi pana, arandei, cori-konnai, paiyara- landai, palaiyudaycci, peiarlankei, palagaipayani, vangam Tamil ; nam hoang ba, nuc nac Vietnamese. The Oroxylum indicum L. Kurz is a deciduous or semi-deciduous little ramified tree, up to about 15 m tall with cylindrical trunk of cm of diameter and brown-greyish bark vertically fissured. The leaves are opposite, grouped towards the apex of the branches, imparipinnate, bi- or tripinnate, 0,,5 m long and 0,9 m broad, with opposite leaflets from ovate to elliptic with pointed apex and entire margin, cm long and cm broad; the cylindrical foliar axes, enlarged in the points of insertion, which, when dry, cumulate at the base of the tree, give the impression of a pile of bones of broken limbs, whence one of the most characteristic common names. Inflorescences in 0,,5 m long erect terminal racemes carrying numerous hermaphroditic flowers, on a cm long pedicel, with coriaceous campanulate calyx, cm long and of 2 cm of diameter, funnel-shaped corolla, of about 10 cm of length and cm of diameter, with 5 lobes slightly retroflected, externally reddish purple, internally pale pinkish yellow and 5 stamina; the flowers open by night and emit an unpleasant odour which attracts the bats that take care of the pollination.

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