This work won the Booker Prize and, in and , was awarded the Best of the Bookers as the best novel to have received the prize during its first 25 and 40 years. The character of Saleem Sinai has been compared to Rushdie. Both these works of postcolonial literature are characterised by a style of magic realism and the immigrant outlook that Rushdie is very conscious of as a member of the Kashmiri diaspora. Rushdie wrote a non-fiction book about Nicaragua in called The Jaguar Smile. This book has a political focus and is based on his first-hand experiences and research at the scene of Sandinista political experiments. His most controversial work, The Satanic Verses , was published in see section below.
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This work won the Booker Prize and, in and , was awarded the Best of the Bookers as the best novel to have received the prize during its first 25 and 40 years. The character of Saleem Sinai has been compared to Rushdie. Both these works of postcolonial literature are characterised by a style of magic realism and the immigrant outlook that Rushdie is very conscious of as a member of the Kashmiri diaspora.
Rushdie wrote a non-fiction book about Nicaragua in called The Jaguar Smile. This book has a political focus and is based on his first-hand experiences and research at the scene of Sandinista political experiments. His most controversial work, The Satanic Verses , was published in see section below. It was followed by Haroun and the Sea of Stories in Written in the shadow of the fatwa, it is about the dangers of story-telling and an allegorical defence of the power of stories over silence.
The Ground Beneath Her Feet is a remaking of the myth of Orpheus that presents an alternative history of modern rock music. In , Salman Rushdie became one of the first major authors to embrace Booktrack a company that synchronises ebooks with customised soundtracks , when he published his short story " In the South " on the platform.
This novel is designed in the structure of a Chinese mystery box with different layers. In The Golden House , a satirical novel set in contemporary America, was published. Critical reception[ edit ] Rushdie has had a string of commercially successful and critically acclaimed novels. It was shortlisted for the International Dublin Literary Award. Salman Rushdie having a discussion with Emory University students In he began a five-year term as Distinguished Writer in Residence at Emory University in Atlanta , Georgia, where he has also deposited his archives.
Even from early childhood, he dreamed of appearing in Hollywood movies which he later realised in his frequent cameo appearances. Rushdie includes fictional television and movie characters in some of his writings. Rushdie has said that he was approached for a cameo in Talladega Nights : "They had this idea, just one shot in which three very, very unlikely people were seen as NASCAR drivers. We were all supposed to be wearing the uniforms and the helmet, walking in slow motion with the heat haze.
The new series, to be called The Next People, will be, according to Rushdie, "a sort of paranoid science-fiction series, people disappearing and being replaced by other people. He is also a member of the advisory board of the Secular Coalition for America ,  an advocacy group representing the interests of atheistic and humanistic Americans in Washington, D. He is also a Laureate of the International Academy of Humanism.
The title refers to a disputed Muslim tradition that is related in the book. According to the legend, Muhammad later revoked the verses, saying the devil tempted him to utter these lines to appease the Meccans hence the "Satanic" verses.
However, the narrator reveals to the reader that these disputed verses were actually from the mouth of the Archangel Gabriel. In response to the protests, on 22 January Rushdie published a column in The Observer that called Muhammad "one of the great geniuses of world history," but noted that Islamic doctrine holds Muhammad to be human, and in no way perfect.
He held that the novel is not "an anti-religious novel. It is, however, an attempt to write about migration, its stresses and transformations. Chapter IV of the book depicts the character of an Imam in exile who returns to incite revolt from the people of his country with no regard for their safety. I doubt very much that Khomeini or anyone else in Iran has read the book or more than selected extracts out of context.
When we played Wembley, Salman showed up in person and the stadium erupted. You [could] tell from [drummer] Larry Mullen, Jr. Salman was a regular visitor after that. He had a backstage pass and he used it as often as possible. For a man who was supposed to be in hiding, it was remarkably easy to see him around the place.
Rushdie himself has been prevented from entering Pakistan, however. Evans claimed that Rushdie tried to profit financially from the fatwa and was suicidal, but Rushdie dismissed the book as a "bunch of lies" and took legal action against Evans, his co-author and their publisher. Chidambaram acknowledged that banning The Satanic Verses was wrong.
Yet more money was added to the bounty in February A previously unknown Lebanese group, the Organization of the Mujahidin of Islam, said he died preparing an attack "on the apostate Rushdie".
The first martyr to die on a mission to kill Salman Rushdie. The film was popular with Pakistani audiences, and it "presents Rushdie as a Rambo -like figure pursued by four Pakistani guerrillas". Two months later, however, Rushdie himself wrote to the board, saying that while he thought the film "a distorted, incompetent piece of trash", he would not sue if it were released. He later said, "If that film had been banned, it would have become the hottest video in town: everyone would have seen it".
While the film was a great hit in Pakistan, it went virtually unnoticed elsewhere. Police contended that they were afraid Rushdie would read from the banned The Satanic Verses, and that the threat was real, considering imminent protests by Muslim organizations. The four were urged to leave by organizers as there was a real possibility they would be arrested.
A proposed video link session between Rushdie and the Jaipur Literature Festival was also cancelled at the last minute  after the government pressured the festival to stop it. After the attack, Al-Qaeda called for more killings. He said, "I stand with Charlie Hebdo, as we all must, to defend the art of satire, which has always been a force for liberty and against tyranny, dishonesty and stupidity But the fact that you dislike them has nothing to do with their right to speak.
He remarked: "I am thrilled and humbled to receive this great honour, and am very grateful that my work has been recognised in this way. Parliamentarians of several of these countries condemned the action, and Iran and Pakistan called in their British envoys to protest formally. In a interview with PBS , Rushdie called himself a "hardline atheist".
I do not believe in supernatural entities, whether Christian, Jewish, Muslim or Hindu. However, Rushdie later said that he was only "pretending". Rushdie called for a reform in Islam  in a guest opinion piece printed in The Washington Post and The Times in mid-August What is needed is a move beyond tradition, nothing less than a reform movement to bring the core concepts of Islam into the modern age, a Muslim Reformation to combat not only the jihadist ideologues but also the dusty, stifling seminaries of the traditionalists, throwing open the windows to let in much-needed fresh air.
Rushdie is a critic of cultural relativism. He favours calling things by their true names and constantly argues about what is wrong and what is right. In an interview with Point of Inquiry in  he described his view as follows: We need all of us, whatever our background, to constantly examine the stories inside which and with which we live.
We all live in stories, so called grand narratives. Nation is a story. Family is a story. Religion is a story. Community is a story. We all live within and with these narratives.
And it seems to me that a definition of any living vibrant society is that you constantly question those stories. That you constantly argue about the stories. In fact the arguing never stops. The argument itself is freedom. And through that argument you change your mind sometimes. Rushdie is an advocate of religious satire. He condemned the Charlie Hebdo shooting and defended comedic criticism of religions in a comment originally posted on English PEN where he called religions a medieval form of unreason.
Rushdie called the attack a consequence of "religious totalitarianism" which according to him had caused "a deadly mutation in the heart of Islam":  Religion, a medieval form of unreason, when combined with modern weaponry becomes a real threat to our freedoms. This religious totalitarianism has caused a deadly mutation in the heart of Islam and we see the tragic consequences in Paris today.
I stand with Charlie Hebdo, as we all must, to defend the art of satire, which has always been a force for liberty and against tyranny, dishonesty and stupidity. Rushdie is a self-professed humanist; believing that reading and writing is a pathway for understanding human existence. Those stories are considered to be treated reverentially. They need to be part of the way in which we conduct the discourse of our lives and to prevent people from doing something very damaging to human nature. This can be seen in his portrayal of the role of females in his novel Shame.
He has stated that while there was a "case to be made for the removal of Saddam Hussein ", US unilateral military intervention was unjustifiable. Rushdie stated that his three sisters would never wear the veil. It has greatly compounded its error by suspending the redoubtable Gita Sahgal for the crime of going public with her concerns.
Gita Sahgal is a woman of immense integrity and distinction It is people like Gita Sahgal who are the true voices of the human rights movement; Amnesty and Begg have revealed, by their statements and actions, that they deserve our contempt. Rushdie is a supporter of gun control , blaming a shooting at a Colorado cinema in July on the American right to keep and bear arms.
He attained American citizenship in and voted for Hillary Clinton in the election. Not much to celebrate this August 15th. He has previously referred to crackdowns in Indian-administered Kashmir as pretexts for rape and brutalization by Indian authorities , further describing it as "A kind of holocaust unleashed against the Kashmiri people.
And the level of brutality is quite spectacular. And, frankly, without that the jihadists would have had very little response from the Kashmiri people who were not really traditionally interested in radical Islam. And really what I was trying to do was say exactly that the attraction of the jihad in Kashmir arose out of the activities of the Indian army.
Personal life[ edit ] Rushdie has been married four times. He was married to his first wife Clarissa Luard  from to and fathered a son, Zafar born His third wife, from to , was Elizabeth West; they have a son, Milan born The marriage ended on 2 July In , Rushdie had an operation to correct ptosis , a tendon condition that causes drooping eyelids and that, according to him, was making it increasingly difficult for him to open his eyes.
Style[ edit ] Amongst other influences Rushdie incorporates Sufi, Hindu, Christian and Norse mythologies alongside pre- and post-modernist literature into his construction of character and narrative form. Your words serve only to spin cocoons around your own irrelevance. The Way of K may be seen as Rushdie probing the Rousseau-influenced theories of man and society that influenced much postth century Western travel writing and the modernist influenced literature of s England in particular. In light of this, we can see Rushdie as having produced what Linda Hutcheon terms a "histiographic novel". An allegorical poem that argues "God" to be the transcendental totality of life and reality rather than an entity external to reality. Whilst the basing of Calf Island on a merger of Eastern and Western references i. As is typical of Rushdie the divisions of characteristics distinguishing the polarities of this pair are traumatised and blurred as these characters are structurally and literally paired, blended and unified within the text.