Asadar, ataraxia schopenhaueriana si ironia romantica devin la Eminescu puncte de plecare si mijloace in realizarea unei subtile si originale modalitati satirice, de o mare forta artistica, superioara, tocmai prin lipsa ei de obiect bine precizat. Acolo unde obiectul satirei este fixat, in Scrisori, arta lui Eminescu consta in disursivitate si in pitorescul invectivei, salvata insa prin inaltimea ideologica si contemplativa de la care era aruncat sarcasmul, prin evocarea trecutului frumos. In Glossa impresioneaza verbul sententios si rece. Ochiul cititorului avizat si numai al acestuia este uimit de faptul ca mijloacele de expresie ale acestei poezii sunt o mare economie. Mijloacele prozodice, forma fixa a glossei, sunt in perfect acord cu continutul de idei al poeziei. Versurile din prima strofa devin, fiecare din ele, cate o concluzie la strofele ce urmeaza, iar in final sunt reluate in ordine inversa.

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The poem is the most Buddhist poem of Eminescu in which some ideas are infiltrating through the philosophy of Schopenhauer and others through the fundamental Buddhist book, Dhammapada. In literature, the word "glossa" is a verse which follows and comments on a refrain. The fixed-form poetry, "Glossa" by Mihai Eminescu, is composed of a theme verse or a core stanza that will be resumed with the reverse order of the verses at the end of the text.

Besides these two stanzas, each theme line will be explained, glossed in an equal number of stanzas. The topic of the poem is an ethical code of the superior man which offers teachings to people, based on self-knowledge and on his philosophical experiences.

The poem is also a reflection, containing universally valid truths, therefore uncontestable. The apophthegms, the sentences are short and lapidary, concise and expressed by a single verse.

The phlosophical topic of "Glossa" is the condition of man with regard to time. Time goes by, time comes along, All is old and all is new; What is right and what is wrong, You must think and ask of you; Have no hope and have no fear, Waves that rise can never hold; If they urge or if they cheer, You remain aloof and cold.

To our sight a lot will glisten, Many sounds will reach our ear; Who could take the time to listen And remember all we hear? Keep aside from all that patter, Seek yourself, far from the throng When with loud and idle clatter Time goes by, time comes along.

Hope not when the villains cluster By success and glory drawn: Fools with perfect lack of luster Will outshine Hyperion! Let them talk and let them chatter, Let all go past, young and old; Unattached to man or matter, You remain aloof and cold.

You remain aloof and cold If they urge or if they cheer; Waves that rise can never hold, Have no hope and have no fear; You must think and ask of you What is right and what is wrong; All is old and all is new, Time goes by, time comes along.


Glossa de Mihai Eminescu – comentariu literar



Glossa by Mihai Eminescu


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