ELMAN RETHINKING INNATENESS PDF

The authors describe a new framework in which interactions, occurring at all levels, give rise to emergent forms and behaviors. These outcomes often may be highly constrained and universal, yet are not themselves directly contained in the genes in any domain-specific way. One Rethinking Innateness asks the question, What does it really mean to say that a behavior is innate? One of the key contributions of Rethinking Innateness is a taxonomy of ways in which a behavior can be innate. These include constraints at the level of representation, architecture, and timing; typically, behaviors arise through the interaction of constraints at several of these levels. The ideas are explored through dynamic models inspired by a new kind of developmental connectionism, a marriage of connectionist models and developmental neurobiology, forming a new theoretical framework for the study of behavioral development.

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Summary[ edit ] Rethinking Innateness applied insights from neurobiology and neural network modelling to brain development. It questioned whether some of the "hard nativist " positions, such as those adopted by Noam Chomsky , Steven Pinker and Elizabeth Spelke , are biologically plausible.

For example, the authors challenged a claim [4] by Pinker that children are born with innate domain-specific knowledge of the principles of grammar, by questioning how the knowledge that Pinker suggests might actually be encoded in the genes. Elman et al. But they argue that evidence from a number of sources, such as brain plasticity the ability of a brain to change its response properties during development shows that information cannot be hard-wired in this way.

By establishing the physical structure of a system, they argue that genes would, in effect, by determining the learning algorithms the system employs to respond to the environment. They argue that the specific propositional information in the system would be determined as a result of the system responding to environmental stimulation. Influences[ edit ] The ideas in Rethinking Innateness have been influential and developed in a number of ways.

For example Mark Johnson has gone on to develop his Interactive Specialization hypothesis, in part building on ideas from Rethinking Innateness. Jeffrey Elman has also gone on to become one of the most widely recognized figures in computational neuroscience, recently being awarded the David E.

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Rethinking Innateness : A Connectionist Perspective on Development

Summary[ edit ] Rethinking Innateness applied insights from neurobiology and neural network modelling to brain development. It questioned whether some of the "hard nativist " positions, such as those adopted by Noam Chomsky , Steven Pinker and Elizabeth Spelke , are biologically plausible. For example, the authors challenged a claim [4] by Pinker that children are born with innate domain-specific knowledge of the principles of grammar, by questioning how the knowledge that Pinker suggests might actually be encoded in the genes. Elman et al.

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Rethinking Innateness: A Connectionist Perspective on Development

Small Arrow This a landmark publication in developmental psychology, bringing together ideas from cognitive psychology, connectionist modelling, neurobiology and dynamical systems theory. What makes this book so unusual and effective is that it is not the usual edited collection of papers, but is co-authored by an internationally renowned group of six authors, each with a different persepctive on the problems of explaining developmental processes. To produce this book, they had to work together to forge links between very different domains, and the synthesis they achieve is remarkable for the new insights it provides into old questions about innate versus acquired sources of knowledge and the nature of cognitive development. These outcomes often may be highly constrained and universal, yet are not themselves directly contained in the genes in any domain-specific way. One of the key contributions of Rethinking Innateness is a taxonomy of ways in which a behavior can be innate. These include constraints at the level of representation, architecture, and timing; typically, behaviors arise through the interaction of constraints at several of these levels.

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Rethinking Innateness

Vitaur Views Read Edit View history. By establishing the physical structure of a system, they argue that genes would, in effect, by determining the learning algorithms the system employs to respond to the environment. This book contains some thoughtful reasons for believing that many evolutionary psychologists overestimate how much information about the human mind is encoded in genes. How the Mind Works.

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