SA Tree No: View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus Introduction A compact branched tree or shrub with a distinctive root growth, fascinating growth habit and seeds, occurring in the tidal estuaries, lagoons and swamps, as a member of mangrove forest. Description Description Ceriops tagal is a shrub or small tree with compact crown. It usually grows up to 6 m. Bark flecking, light grey, smooth with buttress roots and thin breathing roots.
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Juice from stem bark used to stop hemorrhage and to cure eczema 25 Others - Dye: In eastern Africa and Asia, stem bark used for dyeing and tanning. In SE Asia, source of "soga browns" of Javanese batiks.
Cytotoxicity of the isolated compounds was evaluated against HeLa human cervical carcinoma cancer cell line. Compounds 1 and 3 were effective in inhibiting cell proliferation and growth of H and HeLa. Results suggest the n-hexane soluble fraction might be a potential source of new antihyperglycemic compounds.
P acidula showed higher antibacterial potency than C tagal. In all the tests, the crude methanolic extracts showed better inhibition. Tagalsins A- G induced apoptosis through activation of caspase-3 enzyme. Tagalsin A was the most active. Results suggest a potential for the development of anticancer agents with novel mechanisms of actions. Study confirmed the free radical scavenging potential of C.
The leaves showed higher dose-dependent reducing power. Phytoscreening yielded flavonoids, anthraglycosides, bitter principle, saponins, terpenoids, and essential oils. The bark extract was more effective in controlling fungal growth when compared with the wood extract.
Results suggest some of the phenolics in tangal could inhibit fungal growth and development. Both showed high concentration of carbohydrates and crude fibers, with very low amounts of fat and protein. It was rich in Na, K, and Ca, and was fairly high in calorific values. Results showed a potential source for supplementing animal feed.
Bioassay guided fractionation yielded 12 chemical molecules. Four molecules stearic acid Results showed anticancer activity with IC50 values of The methanolic bark extract showed higher total phenolic content of 6. Antimicrobial activity was tested against B.
The methanol extracts of bark showed best activity. None of the extracts showed activity against E. Compounds 1, 2, 3, and 4 exhibited significant antifouling activities against cyprid larvae of the barnacle Balanus albicostatus Pilsbry, with EC50 of 0. Results showed the polyisoprenoids have potential to be developed as anti-colon cancer agents.
Description An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3, species of useful plants of Africa. The seed germinates while the fruit is still attached to the plant and develops a massive hypocotyl, which contains the food reserve for the seedling. The hypocotyl hangs down from the fruit with the true root at the end. The root has small outgrowths, which are the branch roots all ready to grow out. The plumule too is well-developed, but is enclosed in a sheath holding it in the fruit until the seedling drops from the tree. Seedlings fall like a dart to lodge upright in soft mud into which they penetrate to some depth. They become anchored by the outgrowth of the branch roots and so have a good chance of retaining a hold in the scour of the tide.