I am the unutterable grief, I am the trembling first touch of the virgin, I am the throbbing tenderness of her first stolen kiss. I am the fleeting glance of the veiled beloved, I am her constant surreptitious gaze I ride on the wings of lightning with joy and profundity, I scatter misery and fear all around, I bring earthquakes on this world! Nazrul and Muhammad Shahidullah remained close throughout their lives. Nazrul did not have the formal education of Rabindranath and as a result his poems did not follow the literary practices established by Rabindranath.
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I am the unutterable grief, I am the trembling first touch of the virgin, I am the throbbing tenderness of her first stolen kiss. I am the fleeting glance of the veiled beloved, I am her constant surreptitious gaze I ride on the wings of lightning with joy and profundity, I scatter misery and fear all around, I bring earthquakes on this world! Nazrul and Muhammad Shahidullah remained close throughout their lives.
Nazrul did not have the formal education of Rabindranath and as a result his poems did not follow the literary practices established by Rabindranath.
Due to this he faced criticism from followers of Rabindranath. Earning the moniker of the "rebel poet", Nazrul aroused the suspicion of British Raj authorities.
Nazrul was arrested on 23 January and charged with sedition. To plead for me, the king of all kings, the judge of all judges, the eternal truth the living God I am a poet; I have been sent by God to express the unexpressed, to portray the unportrayed.
It is God who is heard through the voice of the poet I am an instrument of God. The instrument is not unbreakable, but who is there to break God? On 14 April , he was moved from Alipore Jail to a jail in Hooghly. He began a day fast to protest mistreatment by the British jail superintendent, breaking his fast more than a month later and eventually being released from prison in December Nazrul composed numerous poems and songs during his period of imprisonment.
In the s, the British Indian government banned many of his writings. Nazrul became active in encouraging people to agitate against British rule, and joined the Bengal state unit of the Indian National Congress. Muslim religious leaders criticized Nazrul for his marriage to a Hindu woman.
He also was criticised for his writings. His work began to transform as he wrote poetry and songs that articulated the aspirations of the working class, a sphere of his work known as "mass music". Thou hast given me Courage to reveal all.
To thee I owe My insolent, naked eyes and sharp tongue. Thy curse has turned my violin to a sword O proud saint, thy terrible fire Has rendered my heaven barren. O my child, my darling one I could not give thee even a drop of milk No right have I to rejoice.
Poverty weeps within my doors forever As my spouse and my child. Who will play the flute? He also wrote devotional songs on the Hindu Goddess Kali. His poem "Barangana" Prostitute stunned society with its depiction of prostitutes who he address in the poem as "mother". The exact number is uncertain. The complete text of 2, is known, and the first lines of 2, have been collected, but according to musicologist Karunamaya Goswami , it is popularly believed that the total is much higher.
Goswami has written that some contemporaries put the number near 4, Nazrul wrote an editorial in Joog Bani in about religious pluralism, Come brother Hindu! Come Musalman! Come Buddhist! Come Christian! Let us transcend all barriers, let us forsake forever all smallness, all lies, all selfishness and let us call brothers as brothers. We shall quarrel no more. He wrote that the Prophets had become property like cattle but they should instead be treated like light that is for all men.
He wrote about human equality in his writings. His first son, Krishna Mohammad, had died prematurely. His works changed significantly from the rebellious exploration of society to deeper examination of religious themes. His works in these years led Islamic devotional songs into the mainstream of Bengali folk music , exploring the Islamic practices of namaz prayer , roza fasting , hajj pilgrimage , and zakat charity.
He composed Agamanis , Bhajans , Shyama sangeet , and kirtan. Nazrul wrote over Hindu devotional songs. He also composed many songs of invocation to Lord Shiva and the goddesses Lakshmi and Saraswati and on the love of Radha and Krishna. He was sent to jail and released in , after the Gandhi—Irwin Pact was signed. Between and , he published 10 volumes containing songs, of which more than were based on classical ragas.
Almost were folk tunes after kirtans , and some 30 were patriotic songs. From the time of his return to Kolkata until he fell ill in , Nazrul composed more than 2, songs, many of which have been lost. Nazrul also wrote and published poems for children. He produced critical and analytic documentaries on music, such as "Haramoni" and "Navaraga-malika".
Nazrul also wrote a large variety of songs inspired by the raga Bhairav. Fazlul Huq. His behaviour became erratic, he started spending recklessly and fell into financial difficulties. In spite of her own illness, his wife constantly cared for her husband. He received treatment under homeopathy as well as Ayurveda , but little progress was achieved before mental dysfunction intensified and he was admitted to a mental asylum in Spending four months there without making progress, Nazrul and his family began living a quiet life in India.
In , he was transferred to a psychiatric hospital in Ranchi. Through the efforts of a large group of admirers who called themselves the "Nazrul Treatment Society",  Nazrul and Promila were sent to London, then to Vienna for treatment. His condition was judged to be incurable, Nazrul returned to Calcutta on 15 December He stopped working due to his deteriorating health. In January , he was accorded the citizenship of Bangladesh.
In In accordance with a wish he had expressed in one of his poems, he was buried beside a mosque on the campus of the University of Dhaka. Tens of thousands of people attended his funeral; Bangladesh observed two days of national mourning, and the parliament of India observed a minute of silence in his honour.
He often wrote without care for organisation or polish. His works have often been criticized for egotism , but his admirers counter that they carry more a sense of self-confidence than ego.
They cite his ability to defy God yet maintain an inner, humble devotion to him. The government of Bangladesh conferred upon him the status of "national poet" in The Bangladesh Nazrul Sena is a large public organization working for the education of children throughout the country.
Ami apnare chara korena kahare kurnhis Ami bojra, ami ishan bishane unkar. Ami yophiler singar moha unkar, Ami pinag paner dumru thrishul, drarma rajer dondho, Ami sotru o maha sonkho, ami pronobnad prochondo! Ami khepa durbasa bishamitra sisho, Ami dabanol daho, dahon koribo bishwa! Ami pran khola hasi ullas, — Ami sristi boeri mahatras Ami maha proloy dwa dosh robir rahu gras! Ami kobhu prosanto- Kobhu asanto darun secha chari, Ami arun khuner tarun ami bidhir dorpo hari.
Kazi Nazrul Islam